photo: plants growing in rows from rice straw mulch, with water tank in background

14 steps to growing vegetables with conservation agriculture and drip irrigation

Manny Reyes, NC A&T
Manuel Reyes, professor, North Carolina A&T State University

As told by Manuel Reyes, professor in Biological Engineering at North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University:

  1. Manually till and weed a small plot of land (no more than 200 square meters).
  2. Make vegetable beds.
  3. Find a source of mulch for your site. Mulch should not contain seeds and not grow vegetatively.
  4. Cut mulch and let it dry.
  5. Install drip irrigation on the site.
  6. Put dried mulch on the entire area including the furrows between the vegetable beds. Mulch should be at least 2.5 inches thick.
  7. With your hands, push mulch and expose soil (about 2 inches in diameter). Dig a hole and put vegetable seed or vegetable transplant in the hole. Depending on the type of mulch you use, you will likely need to add nitrogen fertilizer at this point.
  8. After planting is complete, turn on drip irrigation. Check that water drips from each emitter.
  9. After a few days, inspect for weeds and make sure to weed by hand immediately, including in furrows.
  10. Keep manually weeding on a regular basis.
  11. Inspect mulch. When parts of the mulch degrade, add new mulch to keep the area well covered.
  12. Make plans for planting the next (different) vegetable crop before the current vegetable crop is harvested.
  13. If possible, plant the next vegetable crop between the current crop. Do not till. Do not remove drip tape. No need to rebuild vegetable beds. If properly mulched, the vegetable beds should still be intact and weeds should be under control.
  14. Repeat the process of weeding, inspecting mulch, and replanting a new crop before harvest.

Our research in Cambodia (and in North Carolina too) so far has shown no decrease in yields for vegetable crops using conservation agriculture and drip irrigation. So far, the big advantage in using these practices has been reduced menial labor in manual irrigation, land preparation and weeding.

Conservation agriculture practices have the potential to increase vegetable yields and soil health as well, after repeated use. In grain production, the use of conservation agriculture practices usually decreases yield for two to three years, followed by an increase in yields. Our vegetable field trials are ongoing.

Photo at top: Leafy vegetables grow in a Cambodian field with conservation agriculture practices and drip irrigation beneath the mulch. (Horticulture Innovation Lab photo by Ren Ry)

Don Immanuel Edralin, Ph.D. student at NC A&T State University, also contributed to this blog post.


Published by

Brenda Dawson

Brenda Dawson is the communications coordinator for the Horticulture Innovation Lab.

4 thoughts on “14 steps to growing vegetables with conservation agriculture and drip irrigation”

  1. I have too tried growing vegetables and drip irrigation using zero tillage technology. It has worked perfectly very well and I am combining it with simple domestic rain water harvesting and storage system(affordable by poor women) in Eastern province of Rwanda.

  2. Drip irrigation is the best choice for vegetables and grain production as far as water is very scarce should be used in a conserved manner.
    Conservation agriculture technology is actually good and ensures health security and food at large, the problem is lack of education to our farmers on the importance of using this technology, also resource such as drip irrigation materials are expensive to be purchased by farmers in developing countries.
    Otherwise conservation agriculture technology and the use of drip irrigation technology should be taken into considerable way.

    Thank you for this blog.
    Vicent Mugisha

  3. Agree. Drip irrigation with mulch its a sustainable method. Has less cost and simple aplication. The waste of water is avoided, moreover, it ensures the right proportion of water for crops.
    Thank you,

    Alexandre – Brasil
    Agricultural Science Student

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